CARLOS MERIDA BIOGRAPHY



[ Chronology | Selected Exhibitions | Selected Public Collections ]



Chronology:

(b. 1891, Quetzaltenango, Guatemala - d. 1984, Mexico City)
Of Maya-Quiché descent. In Guatemala City, 1908, met the artist Carlos Valenti; with Valenti to Eauope at age seventeen. Studied with Van Dongen and Anglada Camarasa; met Picasso, Modigliani and others of Paris school. Visited Belgium, Holland and Spain. Returned to Guatemala City, 1914, where initiated, with sculptor Yela Gunther, pro-Indian movement in attempt to find an authentic “American Art”. To Mexico, 1919; Guatemalan paintings exhibited Academy of Fine Arts, Mexico City, 1920. 1922, assisted Diego Rivera on first mural for National Preparatory School; joined Union of Technical Workers, Painters and Sculptors; his own first mural painted at Children’s Library, Ministry of Education. From 1925 contributed to Frances Toor’s review Mexican Folkways, which helped spread interest in Mexican popular art. First exhibition in New York, 1926. To Europe, 1927; friendship with Klee and Miró. Exhibited, Gallery Des Quatre Chemins, Paris; published coloured lithographs, Images of Guatemala with introduction by André Salmon. Returned to Mexico, 1929; became more abstract under influence of Surrealism, 1930-1937. Exhibited in International Surrealist exhibition, Mexico City, 1940. 1944 friendship with Breton and European Surrealists in New York, teaches at Black Mountain College with Albers and Gropius, 1949. Paintings become increasingly geometric, rooted in both architecture and pre-Columbian forms. This becomes his signature style of the next three decades. Major architectural commissions include President Juarez housing estate, Mexico City, 1952; Municipal Palace, Guatemala City, 1956; La Conflencia de las Civilizaciones en America, San Antonio Texas, 1968. Last architectural project completed Mexico City 1984.



Selected Exhibitions:

1920
Academis de Ballas Arts, Mexico

1926
Valentine Dudensing Gallery, New York

1927
Galerie de Quatre Chemins, Paris

1929
Valentine Gallery, New York

1930
Delphic Studios, New York

1935
Katherin Kuh Gallery, Chicago

1936
Stendhal Gallery, Los Angeles

1944
Karl Nierendorf Gallery, New York

1945
Valentine Gallery, New York

1950
Exhibits in Rome

1951
Pan America University, Washington D.C.

1954
Museo de Ballas Artes, Caracas

1957
Biennial of San Paolo

1961
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico

1962
Reichenback Gallery, Paris
Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, Texas

1963
Museo Universitario de Ciencias Y Arte, Mexico

1964
Galeria de Arte Mexicano, Mexico

1966
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York
Art of Latin America Since Independence, Yale University, New Haven

1967
Latin American Art 1931-1966, Museum of Modern Art, New York

1968
Galeria de Arte Mexicano, Mexico

1969
Galeria de Arte Mexicano, Mexico
Albers & Merida, National University of Mexico

1970
Museio de Arte Moderno, Mexico

1971
B. Lewin Galleris, Beverly Hills

1975
Galeria II Collezionista d’Arte, Rome

1976
University Art Museum, Austin, Texas

1977
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico
Martha Jackson Gallery New York

1978
Gerzso, Merida, Tamayo, Bellas Artes, Mexico

1981
Center for Inter American Relations, New York

1982
Metropolitan Museum, Miami

1988
Image of Mexico, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt

1992
Latin American Artists of the 20th Century, Museum of Modern Art , New York

1993
Art d’Amérique Latine, Musee National d’Arte Moderne Centre Georges Pompidou

1998- 2003
The Gelman Collection (Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo & Mexican Modernism) Travels to Museums including Museum of Modern Art in San Francisco, San Diego Museum of Fine Arts & Museo del Barrio New York



Selected Public Collections:

Austin University Art Museum, University of Texas
Boston Museum of Fine Arts
Brooklyn Brooklyn Art Museum
Cambridge Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University
Caracas Museo de Bellas Artes
Cleveland Cleveland Museum of Art
Dallas Dallas Museum of Fine Arts
Guatemala City Museo de Guatemala
Hartford Wadsworth Atheneum
Hawaii Museum of Honolulu
Houston Anderson Clayton & Company
Los Angeles Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Mexico City Museo de Arte Moderno, Museo Rufino Tamayo, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes
Michigan University Art Museum
New York Museum of Modern Art
Paris Musee National d’Art Moderne
Philadelphia Philadelphia Museum of Art
Phoenix Phoenix Art Museum
Rome Galeria Nazionale de Arte Moderna
San Antonio Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute
San Francisco San Francisco Museum of Art
Sao Paulo Museo de Arte Moderno
Seattle Seattle Art Museum




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